See our latest spring ideas: Spring Garden Ideas

After an interminably long, cold winter, gardeners are anxious to be outside and get their hands in the dirt. As memories of harsh winter storms fade in the warmer days of spring, it’s time to think about waking up the garden for the new growing season. With so much to get done, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed on where to begin. By planning ahead and getting yourself organized, spring chores can be a snap. Here are some tips to get you started.

For more spring inspiration, see Spring Garden Ideas and Activities

Photo by: Sara Guyre / Shutterstock.

Seed starting

Start seeds of vegetables and annuals indoors 6-8 weeks before you plan to set them out. Make a planting schedule so that seedlings are mature at the optimal time for your region. Once soil temperature reaches 40 degrees F, crops such as greens, radishes and peas can be directly sown. Wait until soil temperature warms to 50 degrees F to plant cabbage, onions and Swiss chard. Summer vegetables can be sown in late spring. To get the most out of seed starting, find out more here: How to Grow Your Own Plants From Seed

Photo courtesy of Fiskars.

Prune shrubs and vines

Now is the time to prune roses, (some) shrubs and perennial vines. Remove dead branches and shape plants once new growth appears. Research proper pruning techniques and timing for each variety, and hold off on pruning spring bloomers until after they flower. Get more advice on pruning roses.

Photo courtesy of Fiskars.

Prepare ornamental beds

Start with areas where spring blooming bulbs are peeking out of the ground to spiff up early color displays. Rake out surface debris and cut back perennials and ornamental grasses before new growth appears. Top dress with several inches of homemade compost or well-seasoned manure, which will add slow-release nutrients, suppress weeds and conserve water during warm summer months. Find out more about mulching.

Hosta ‘Whirlwind’. Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Divide perennials

Once new growth appears, it’s a good time to divide perennials. Transfer extra clumps into bare spots or give them away to friends. If you belong to a neighborhood gardening group or club, organize a plant swap. It’s a great way to try out new plants for free. Learn more about designing with perennials.

Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Edible planting

Remove surface debris such as leaves or mulch from vegetable beds to help warm the soil. To avoid compaction, wait until soil has dried out sufficiently before tilling. If soil crumbles when you try to make a ball, then it's time to work the beds. Add amendments such as aged compost, manure and trace minerals before planting early crops of lettuce, radishes, kale, peas and onions. Protect young plants from late frosts with a cloche or cold frame. Read more about vegetable gardening.

Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Add color

Place early season annuals such as pansies and ranunculus around bulbs or in containers for an extra splash of color. Now is the time to plant summer bulbs including lilies and dahlias. Once all danger of frost is past, it’s safe to plant warm-season annuals such as petunias and marigolds. Set out starts of cosmos and sunflowers. Learn more about adding seasonal color.

Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Plan ahead

Make a “to do” list of projects to tackle, such as building a pathway or wall, staining the deck, or installing a new water feature. Prioritize projects by setting up a time schedule and make realistic goals to get things checked off your list.

Design by: Linda Ernst. Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Clean and prep

If you didn’t do so last fall, scrape excess dirt off tools, wash in soapy water and allow to dry thoroughly. Coat metal parts with oil to prevent rust, and sharpen pruners and loppers. Power wash decks and patios, then wipe down stored patio furniture and set it outside for the season. Scrub out empty containers and fill with fresh potting soil in preparation for planting. Learn more about Tool Care & Maintenance.

Design by: Phil Thornburg. Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Rejuvenate water features

Remove dirt and debris from water features and clean or replace filters. Turn on pumps and make sure water is circulating properly. For natural water gardens such as ponds or bogs, add beneficial plants or apply other algae control methods to maintain a healthy ecosystem.

Photo by: Janet Loughrey.

Wildlife friendly

Birds and other wildlife help control pests, balance the ecosystem and add ambience. Install nesting boxes with the proper dimensions and in the right spot to attract particular birds. Provide a consistent, clean water source. Plant natives that offer food sources of nectar, seeds and berries, and make sure there are trees and hedging for nesting habitat and shelter. Discover 10 ways to create an eco-friendly garden.

Summer Garden Tips
Fall Gardening Tips
Winter Gardening Tips

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