Summer is marching on. This is often the hottest month of the year, so be sure to protect your skin, wear a hat, and drink plenty of water when you’re outside. When it comes to the garden, August is all about staying on top of your harvest and keeping things tidy, fed, and watered. Here are a few garden reminders, inspiring ideas, and indoor activities for this month.

1. Harvest, Harvest, Harvest

The vegetable garden harvest is often at its peak in August. It’s especially important to pick runner beans, herbs, tomatoes, cucumbers, and squash so that they keep producing. Don’t forget that vegetables and fruits taste best when you harvest them at their proper size (no one likes the taste of oversized squash that were left on the plant too long). To improve taste, it’s also best to harvest early in the morning. Harvesting when it’s cool out and then taking produce indoors helps extend their shelf life. August is also a great time to harvest many varieties of pears, plums, apple, pluots, and peaches. If you don’t have fruit trees but you’re wishing you had some fruit to pick from your garden right about now, start planning so you’ll have some next year! The best time to plant fruit trees is in fall when the weather cools, so now’s the time to decide what you want to plant (this harvest chart can help with your planning).

Photo courtesy Stark Bro’s Nursery & Orchards Co.

2. Feed Strawberries

Your strawberries are likely done producing unless you have everbearing strawberries that produce fruit beginning in spring and then intermittently through summer and fall. Either way, it’s important to give your berries proper fertilization this time of year. Use a fertilizer designed specifically for berries such as Espoma Organic Berry-tone. Water well after fertilizing.

Photo courtesy Gardener’s Supply.

3. Give Melons & Pumpkins Support

This month is a good time to lift melons and other developing gourds and pumpkins off the soil to prevent issues such as rot and discoloration as they grow. Some people like to use bowls, but you can buy melon and squash cradles that are specifically designed to help you grow blemish-free produce. These cradles often come in sets and are easy to store. Stop watering melons around one week before you’re ready to pick them. This allows sugars to concentrate in the fruit and also helps prevent the melons from splitting open.

4. Prune & Clean Up Around Fruit Trees

If you notice any dead or diseased branches on your fruit trees, cut them off now. But only remove problematic branches that can cause disease or other issues—you’ll want to hold off on any major pruning until the fall for most fruit trees. Citrus trees, for example, should be pruned at the end of their fruiting season before next year’s flowers begin to bud. Remove fallen fruit and old leaves from below trees to help prevent pest infestations and the spread of disease to healthy trees. Raking leaves and fruit can be accomplished faster with a large rake such as this 24 inch Spring Rake.

Photo courtesy Stark Bro’s Nursery & Orchards Co.

5. Remove Tree Suckers & Watersprouts

Tree suckers emerge from the base of trees around the root flare. Watersprouts grow from growth nodes on the surface of trees or beneath old wood (they often appear higher up on the tree). Both suckers and waterprouts should be removed to keep the tree’s structure intact. Removing this extra growth also helps prevent the diversion of energy to unnecessary growth. Stark Bro’s has a helpful article and video about how to remove tree suckers from fruit trees, and the same lessons apply to most other types of trees, too.

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Photo courtesy Proven Winners.

6. Transplant Perennials

This is the month to transplant or divide bearded irises, daylilies, lilies, peonies, and oriental poppies (divide or plant poppies later this month and into the fall). Be sure your new plants have properly amended soil. Use an all-purpose fertilizer such as Yum Yum Mix along with a good compost to prepare your soil. If you want to add to your daylily collection visit Proven Winners or Oakes Daylilies.

Photo courtesy Johnny’s Selected Seeds.

7. Grow Cool-Weather Crops or Plant a Cover Crop

By late-August you can begin direct sowing seeds of broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, mustard greens, and other fall crops. Cauliflower and cabbage grow better when you start them indoors and transplant them once seedlings have a chance to mature. You can plant crops through late summer and early fall in Southern California. Use Clyde’s Garden Planner to figure out the exact timing for your area. If you’re not planting a fall garden, then consider planting a cover crop such as alfalfa, fava beans, or crimson clover. These plants add nitrogen to the soil as they grow so it’s available to future crops once the cover crops are removed. They also serve to suppress weeds in your empty garden beds. When you’re getting ready to plant your crops come spring, you’ll cut down your cover crops, compost green stems and leaves, and till roots into the soil.

Photo courtesy Pot Inc.

8. Plant Succulents & Cacti in Containers

Many young or transplanted plants just can’t take the heat of August, but succulents and cacti definitely can if you give them enough water while they’re young. Creating container gardens with these waterwise, heat-loving plants is a great way to satisfy your horticultural urges. Any succulents and cacti will do, but some favorites include coppery-orange ‘Coppertone’ stonecrop, durable Crassula ovata ‘Baby Jade’, Echeveria ‘Ruby’ with its velvety leaves, Haworthia fasciata with its white striped leaves, ‘Aeonium’ Sunburst with its large green and pink rosettes, or Aloe plicatilis with its distinct fan-like clusters of smooth leaves. Find planters through Pot Inc., West Elm, or Terrain.

9. Wash, Fertilize & Protect Houseplants

It’s common for scale, spider mites, and thrips to wreak their havoc on houseplants during summer, so this is a good time to give your indoor plants a refresh. Put all of them in the bathtub and give them a good rinse and soak. Spray them with room-temperature water to rinse dust and infestations off foliage. If you don’t have a bathtub, you can also take your plants outside, set them in a shaded area, and gently spray them with a garden hose. Treat severe infestations with insecticidal soap such as Espoma Organics Earth-Tone Insecticidal Soap. Keep infected plants away from healthy plants to avoid the transfer of pest problems. It also helps plant growth to wipe off dust regularly, which allows plant foliage to respirate and absorb all available sunlight. When wiping down plants, adding a diluted amount of neem oil can help protect against pests. Fertilize with indoor plant food or use indoor plant food spikes.

10. Test Watering Systems

This can be the toughest time of year for plants in Southern California because of the heat, so verify that your plants are getting plenty of water. Native plants typically don’t need added water unless there’s been prolonged drought or extreme temperatures. To ensure your plants are getting proper water, test your irrigation systems and watch how water reaches the plants. In some cases, you’ll notice broken sprinklers, clogged drip-irrigation emitters, broken lines, or sprinkler heads spraying the sidewalk instead of the plants. Fix or adjust irrigation systems where appropriate.

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