In the beginning of residential landscape lighting, there was fire. Granted, our Middle Stone Age kin used it primarily for tasks—such as to cook any carrion picked up earlier that day. But as the clan dined alfresco, the fires’ warm tones set a mood. The orange and red hues cast a flattering glow on the Pleistocene hominid complexion; and while the fires’ stark contrast against the black night pointed up a lack of enhancing secondary fixtures—e.g., floodlights filtering down like moonlight through the leaves of a Japanese maple—the twinkling sparks and glowing embers lent a decidedly festive touch.
Far Left: For a Villanova, Pennsylvania, allée of linden trees, Janet Moyer used stake-mounted adjustable halogen lights: 20-watts for the trunks and 50-watts aimed up at the canopy.
Near Left: Uplit roses resemble festive string lights.